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Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

INTRODUCTORY   ESSAY.                               249

where heavy and long continued, commencing in May or the
beginning of June, and lasting till November, and amounting
at Tavoy to 208 inches, and at Maulmain to 175. In the more
northern parts the winter is dry, the north-east wind being
deprived of its moisture by high ranges of mountains. South
of Tavoy the winters are more humid, and rain is of frequent
occurrence at* all seasons.

The vegetation of Tenasserim is a. continuation of that
flora which, commencing in Sikkim and Bhotan, is continued
throughout the Malayan Archipelago. Oaks and Dipterc-
carpi are very common; and a pine, probably P. Smensisy
grows on the mountains north of Martaban. Calami, Zalacca,
and other tropical palms, are abundant in humid jungles, aud
enormous bamboos in more open places. Teak is common
in the interior, but has its southern limit in 15 N. lat.,
where the winters become too humid for its growth. The
Amh&rstia nobilis, one of the most remarkable and local trees
in the province, has hitherto been found only on the banks of
the Salueen river; Bar day a longi/olia, a remarkable genus of
water-lilies, is confined to this province and the adjacent one
of Pe"gii; and the Mdanorrh&a usitatissittia, or black varnish '
tree, abounds in many parts.

Dr. Falconer, in his able report 011 tlie teak forests of Te-
nasserim, gives some valuable remarks on the vegetation of
the province, and the following list of prevalent timber-
trees :

Dfllenia-.
	Elseocarpus.
	Melanorrhcea.

TJvaria.
	Aglaia.
	Blackwellia.

G-uatteria.
	Heynea,
	Toddalia.

Myristica.
	Dipterocarpus.
	Turpiiiiii.

Crataeva.
	Hopca.
	Inga.

Bombax.
	Vatica,
	Acacia.

Sterculia.
	Gordonia.
	Pterocarpus.

Paritium.
	Calophyllum.
	Butea.

Grewia.
	G-orcinia.
	Dalbergia,

Pterosperm mil.
	Millingtonia.
	Pougamia.


	
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